It could be a very annoying experience to come to a kitchen and find that there is no water coming out of the kitchen faucet. This disrupts work and causes stress and worry.
If you have no experience with this, it is better to hire a plumber or a handyman to examine the problem and fix it for you, else try some of the following steps and see if it solves your problems. Sometimes, it might be a minor problem causing the stopping of water.
1. Check if water is available in any other fixture of the house.
This is to determine if the problem is with the kitchen sink faucet only or in other areas of the house. If water is not available in other fixtures of the house, then there is a central problem with the water not being available or a blockage in a central pipe to the house. In homes with water wells, the problem may be:
- The pump or a component with the well system needs repair.
- The power supply to the pump might be off.
- The water levels in the well may be too low. A new well may be needed in this case.
But if water is available in other faucets and fixtures and unavailable in the kitchen faucet only, then the problem lies within the kitchen premise.
2. Check if the problem exists in only one faucet in the kitchen.
If the kitchen has multiple faucets, there might be a blockage with the water supply line to the kitchen. Else if hot or cold water does not come out of one faucet only, check the aerator and see if there is any debris collected there that is blocking the water.
Unscrew the aerator and remove it from the end of the faucet and turn on the faucet. If water comes out, the aerator is blocked with debris and needs to be cleaned or even replaced.
3. Check the side sprayer.
If the kitchen sink faucet has a side sprayer, turn on the side sprayer and see if the water comes out of the sprayer only, but not from the spout with the aerator removed.
If the water comes out of the sprayer, then the problem could be with the diverter. The location of the diverter valve varies with different faucets. Some of the possibilities are:
- Under the spout
- Under the screw on cap that holds the spout
- Under the faucet
Check the documentation provided while purchasing the faucet to determine the location. Removing the diverter can temporarily solve the problem, but the water might come out of the spout and sprayer whenever the sprayer is being used.
4. Check the hose for pull out kitchen sinks.
If your faucet is the pull out style one, the hose can be unscrewed from the head of the faucet to see if the water will come out of the hose.
If the water does come out of the hose, the problem could be with the clogging of the screen that connects the hose to the head. In some cases, the head might have to be replaced entirely.
5. Check the water pipes.
Turn off the angle stops under the sink and disconnect the lines feeding the faucet. Place a bucket to see if any water is coming out to supply to the faucet. If yes, catch the water in the bucket and check the faucet lines.
Check similarly if both hot and cold water is blocked or if only hot or only cold water comes out.
6. Track back the pipes.
Now that the faucet and connecting pipe is gotten out of the way, the idea is to track back the pipes and see where the fixtures are connected and not affected. The problems could range from:
- Shut off valves
- Old pipes that are galvanized and clogged with rust
- Frozen pipes
Frozen pipes typically occur when pipes are exposed to freezing temperatures. The solution is to warm the pipes inside the home and thaw the accumulated ice.
To warm the ice, open the sink cabinet doors that contain the plumbing and place a space heater in front of the pipe.
Turn on the faucets and wait until the water starts running. Allow the cold water to drip until temperatures rise above freezing point, thereby solving the problem.